Chapter 2. What Else Could This Be?
Although atopic dermatitis is the most common eczematous disorder of childhood, a variety of other inflammatory skin conditions are seen with relative frequency in general pediatric practice. These eruptions often resemble atopic dermatitis; therefore, the different disorders may be difficult to distinguish, although each has unique features that aid in diagnosis.
The differential diagnosis of atopic dermatitis is extensive although a few disorders account for the majority of cases and can usually be distinguished based on history and physical exam alone. In children, the differential diagnosis includes: